Posts Tagged ‘smoking’

Lung-Cancer Screening

Posted by Carla Rothaus • November 7th, 2014

A large randomized trial showed that low-dose CT screening reduced the risk of lung-cancer death by 20% among long-time smokers. Recent guidelines support consideration of screening but with attention to the possibility of false positive results and associated risks. Read the latest Clinical Practice review on this topic. Despite advances in diagnosis, staging, and treatment,… Read More…

Global Health Author Q&A: University of Toronto’s Prabhat Jha

Posted by Jennifer Zeis • March 3rd, 2014

In a feature for Now@NEJM, we ask the authors of the Global Health review article series — all with different backgrounds, experiences, and perspectives — the same set of questions. Answers from Prabhat Jha, M.D., D.Phil., of the Center for Global Health Research, St. Michael’s Hospital and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of… Read More…

21st-Century Smoking Hazards and the Benefits of Quitting

Posted by Rachel Wolfson • January 23rd, 2013

In 1964 the U.S. Surgeon General Report provided the first warning that smoking has adverse health effects. This statement has had a profound impact on both our society and our health care system. Despite this warning, many have continued to smoke over the past 50 years. Now, with 50 years of data from long time… Read More…

Changes in Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second over Time in COPD

Posted by Daniela Lamas • September 28th, 2011

You see a 50-year-old woman for the first time in your office. She tells you she’s still smoking a pack per day. She’s trying to cut down, but it’s hard. For the past few years she’s had a cough each winter and can’t walk the stairs to her second floor apartment without getting winded. For… Read More…

Screening for Lung Cancer

Posted by Graham McMahon • August 5th, 2011

The National Lung Screening Trial investigators report that persons undergoing three annual screening examinations with low-dose computed tomography had a 20% reduction in lung-cancer mortality as compared with those screened with annual chest radiography. The Original Article and accompanying editorial are available on NEJM.org. Even though the rate of heavy smoking continues to decline in… Read More…

Lung-Cancer Mortality and Low-Dose CT Screening

Posted by Lisa Rosenbaum • August 3rd, 2011

A 65 year-old man comes to your office. Let’s call him Joe. He is former smoker, but quit 10 years ago after smoking one pack daily for 35 years. He has recently remarried, has two young children, and is worried about his risk for lung cancer. He saw on the news that CT scans are… Read More…