Posts Tagged ‘bacterial infections’

A Man with Cloudy Vision

Posted by • July 1st, 2016

Syphilis can cause uveitis and retinitis. The uveitis can be anterior, posterior, or both (panuveitis) and can occur with or without a hypopyon (usually without). A 50-year-old man with psoriatic arthritis and HIV infection presented with cloudy vision, decreased hearing, and gait instability. Two months earlier, the patient had begun taking antiretroviral medications. A diagnostic test result was… Read More…

Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Posted by • June 16th, 2016

Peptic ulcers, which are primarily due to Helicobacter pylori infection or the use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), occur in the stomach or duodenum and are the most frequent cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Most patients who are hospitalized with upper gastrointestinal bleeding should undergo endoscopy within 24 hours, after appropriate resuscitation and transfusion to… Read More…

A Pregnant Woman with Fever

Posted by • May 27th, 2016

Listeriosis is a rare but notorious cause of chorioamnionitis. Listeriosis is caused by Listeria monocytogenes, an environmentally ubiquitous, facultative, anaerobic gram-positive bacillus. In humans, listeriosis is almost exclusively a foodborne disease, and unheated processed meats and unpasteurized soft cheeses can be contaminated with listeria; pregnant women should avoid eating such foods. Listeriosis is a nationally… Read More…

A Woman with a Skin Ulcer

Posted by • February 12th, 2016

Ulceroglandular tularemia is one of several clinical presentations of Francisella tularensis infection. In patients with ulceroglandular tularemia, an ulcer develops at the site of inoculation and is followed by fever, systemic symptoms, and regional lymphadenopathy. Although tularemia can occur year-round, it predominantly occurs during the summer months. The diagnosis of tularemia is quite rare; in… Read More…

Amoxicillin for Severe Acute Malnutrition

Posted by • February 5th, 2016

Severe acute malnutrition affects approximately 19 million children under 5 years of age worldwide and contributes substantially to mortality and the disease burden among children. Only one previous randomized trial has examined the routine use of antibiotics in the community-based treatment of severe acute malnutrition. Isanaka et al. conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in… Read More…