Posts Tagged ‘cardiology’

Body-Mass Index in Adolescents

Posted by • June 24th, 2016

Overweight and obesity in adolescents have increased substantially in recent decades and affect a third of the adolescent population in some developed countries. Twig et al. assessed the risk of fatal cardiovascular events in adulthood according to the body-mass index range during adolescence, using a national database of 2.3 million Israeli adolescents in whom height… Read More…

A Woman with a Pleural Effusion

Posted by • June 16th, 2016

A 52-year-old woman presented with a unilateral pleural effusion. Several weeks later, uterine bleeding, pelvic fullness, and bloating developed. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large pelvic mass. Diagnostic procedures were performed. A new Case Record of the Massachusetts General Hospital summarizes. Clinical Pearl • What is the most common benign solid ovarian tumor? Although only 4% of all ovarian masses… Read More…

Mesenteric Ischemia

Posted by • March 11th, 2016

Although mesenteric ischemia is an uncommon cause of abdominal pain, accounting for less than 1 of every 1000 hospital admissions, an inaccurate or delayed diagnosis can result in catastrophic complications; mortality among patients in whom this condition is acute is 60 to 80%. Although mesenteric ischemia is uncommon, it can be life-threatening, and its recognition is… Read More…

Remote Ischemic Preconditioning in Cardiac Surgery

Posted by • October 7th, 2015

In a lab at Duke University in 1986, scientists conducted an experiment comparing two different ways to give a dog a heart attack. The investigators cut off the blood flow of the circumflex artery for 40 minutes in 12 dogs. For 7 of those dogs, they first initiated a “preconditioning” protocol that consisted of four 5-minute… Read More…

New Clinical Decisions: The Guidelines Battle on Starting Statins

Posted by • April 24th, 2014

Stephen, a 52-year-old white jogger with a body-mass index (BMI, the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters) of 25, wants you to assess his cardiovascular risks. He had scheduled his visit after taking his father to another physician to discuss his father’s blindness, which is related to type 2… Read More…

Cold Steel or Caged Balloon? The ASCERT Study Adds to the Revascularization Rivalry

Posted by • April 18th, 2012

Mac versus PC, Republicans versus Democrats, chocolate versus vanilla … life is full of rivalries, and the world of medicine is no exception. Take cardiology and cardiac surgery, for example. Who’s better at mending a particular group of blood-starved hearts? The answer depends on the group of hearts – and perhaps on the group you ask…. Read More…