Posts Tagged ‘CT’

A Woman with Dyspnea

Posted by • June 10th, 2016

Bronchiolitis is a disease of the small airways, which are defined as airways less than 2 mm in diameter and without cartilage. The bronchioles are especially vulnerable to infectious or inhalational insults because of their narrow diameter. A 60-year-old woman was seen in a pulmonary clinic because of increasing dyspnea. Chest imaging revealed bronchiectasis and mild,… Read More…

Herniated Lumbar Intervertebral Disk

Posted by • May 6th, 2016

“Sciatica” refers to pain in a sciatic-nerve distribution, but this term is sometimes used indiscriminately to describe back and leg pain. Lumbar “radiculopathy” more specifically refers to pain with possible motor and sensory disturbance in a nerve-root distribution. After lumbar stenosis, spondylolisthesis, and fracture have been ruled out, approximately 85% of patients with sciatica are… Read More…

Fevers, Chest Pain, and Substance-Use Disorder

Posted by • November 14th, 2014

In the latest Case Record of the Massachusetts General Hospital, a 31-year-old woman with substance-use disorder was admitted to this hospital because of fevers and chest pain. CT of the chest revealed multiple thick-walled nodular opacities throughout both lungs. Diagnostic tests were performed, and management decisions were made. Between 2007 and 2009 in the United States,… Read More…

Ultrasonography versus CT for Suspected Nephrolithiasis

Posted by • September 19th, 2014

Patients with suspected nephrolithiasis were randomly assigned either to ultrasonography performed by an emergency physician or a radiologist or to CT for initial study. Ultrasonography was associated with lower cumulative radiation, with no significant difference in complications. Pain from nephrolithiasis is a common reason for emergency department visits in the United States. Abdominal computed tomography (CT)… Read More…