Posts Tagged ‘Endocrinology’

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Posted by • July 7th, 2016

The polycystic ovary syndrome is a disorder characterized by hyperandrogenism, ovulatory dysfunction, and polycystic ovaries. The polycystic ovary syndrome increases the risk of infertility, endometrial cancer, abnormal glucose metabolism, and dyslipidemia. Strategies such as lifestyle modification, hair removal, and combined oral contraceptive therapy and other pharmacotherapies are reviewed. A new Clinical Practice summarizes. Figure 1. Basic Pathophysiology of Hyperandrogenemia… Read More…

Pioglitazone after Ischemic Stroke

Posted by • April 8th, 2016

The thiazolidinedione class of peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) agonists are among the most potent insulin-sensitizing drugs available. One medication in this class, pioglitazone, may reduce the risk of cardiovascular events, including stroke, in patients with type 2 diabetes, for whom the drug is currently approved as a glucose-lowering agent. Kernan et al. designed the… Read More…

Testosterone Treatment in Older Men

Posted by • February 19th, 2016

Testosterone concentrations in men decrease with increasing age. Many symptoms and conditions similar to those that are caused by low testosterone levels in men with pituitary or testicular disease become more common with increasing age. Such symptoms include decreases in mobility, sexual function, and energy. These parallels suggest that the lower testosterone levels in older… Read More…