Posts Tagged ‘obstetrics/gynecology’

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Posted by • July 7th, 2016

The polycystic ovary syndrome is a disorder characterized by hyperandrogenism, ovulatory dysfunction, and polycystic ovaries. The polycystic ovary syndrome increases the risk of infertility, endometrial cancer, abnormal glucose metabolism, and dyslipidemia. Strategies such as lifestyle modification, hair removal, and combined oral contraceptive therapy and other pharmacotherapies are reviewed. A new Clinical Practice summarizes. Figure 1. Basic Pathophysiology of Hyperandrogenemia… Read More…

A Woman with a Pleural Effusion

Posted by • June 16th, 2016

A 52-year-old woman presented with a unilateral pleural effusion. Several weeks later, uterine bleeding, pelvic fullness, and bloating developed. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large pelvic mass. Diagnostic procedures were performed. A new Case Record of the Massachusetts General Hospital summarizes. Clinical Pearl • What is the most common benign solid ovarian tumor? Although only 4% of all ovarian masses… Read More…

A Pregnant Woman with Fever

Posted by • May 27th, 2016

Listeriosis is a rare but notorious cause of chorioamnionitis. Listeriosis is caused by Listeria monocytogenes, an environmentally ubiquitous, facultative, anaerobic gram-positive bacillus. In humans, listeriosis is almost exclusively a foodborne disease, and unheated processed meats and unpasteurized soft cheeses can be contaminated with listeria; pregnant women should avoid eating such foods. Listeriosis is a nationally… Read More…